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About Chelyabinsk and Chelyabinsk region

Chelyabinsk is one of the largest industrial, financial, scientific, cultural, administrative centres of Russia, the capital of Chelyabinsk region.

Geographical position: on the eastern slopes of South Ural Mountains, 1919 km to the East from Moscow.

Climatic conditions:

  • Temperate climatic zone;
  • Continental climate;
  • Average temperature of January: -13.3°C;
  • Average temperature of July: +22°С.

Population: 1081200 people.

Time zone: plus two hours from Moscow time.

Mayor: Mikhail Valeryevich Yurevich.

Administrative division: 7 areas (Leninsky, Kalininsky, Kurchatovsky, Traktorozavodsky, Metallurgical, Soviet, Central).

Chelyabinsk is a big city with interesting history as well as interesting life. Travelling through pages of our project, you will learn a lot of useful and curious information. It will allow you to turn your vacation or business visit into unforgettable journey!

Chelyabinsk region was founded on January, 17th, 1934.

It occupies 87,9 thousand sq. km that makes 0,51 % of all territory of the country. 3603,3 people live there, and specifically, 41,0 people per each square kilometer.

The region includes 24 areas, 12 city districts, 20 towns of regional submission and 32 industrial communities.

The area is located basically on the eastern slopes of South Ural Mountains and adjacent territories of Zauralskaya lowland, in the northwest it includes a part of mountain ridges of the Ural Mountains. It borders on Bashkiria, Sverdlovsk, Kurgan, Orenburg regions, Kazakhstan.

Area cities:

  • Chelyabinsk
  • Asha
  • Bakal
  • Verkhniy Ufaley
  • Emanzhelinsk
  • Zlatoust
  • Karabash
  • Kartaly
  • Kasli
  • Katav-Ivanovsk
  • Kopeisk
  • Korkino
  • Kusa
  • Kyshtym
  • Magnitogorsk
  • Miass
  • Ozersk
  • Plast
  • Satka
  • Snezhinsk
  • Trekhgorny
  • Troitsk
  • Ust-Katav
  • Chebarkul
  • Yuzhnouralsk
  • Chelyabinsk region is one of the headmost constituents of the Russian Federation by its industrial, scientific and technical potential. The regions occupies the 7th place among the regions of Russia by industrial output, the 13th place by gross regional product output (a share in a total gross regional product - more than 1,8 %) and is in the first five by output of products per capita.

    In the Ural economic area the region occupies the 3rd place by industrial output, the 1st place by volume of housing under construction, the 1st place by rates of growth of tax revenues into budget system. About 1,5 million people, or 40,7 % of the region population, are occupied in various branches of economy.

    Chelyabinsk region occupies favourable economic-geographical and strategic position as it has a diverse raw-material base and is located on major ways connecting Ural with the central part of Russia, Siberia, Kazakhstan.

    Railway network density makes 43,9 km per 1000 sq.km. Route network density is 174,3 km per 1000 sq. km, length of hard-surfaced roads is almost by one third more than average in Ural.

    Metallurgical, mechanical engineering, metal-working, power energy, construction, agricultural and industrial complexes make the economy basis.

    Ferrous metallurgy

    Chelyabinsk region is the leader among the Russian regions in the field of ferrous metallurgy. Metallurgical enterprises of Chelyabinsk region make 26,8 % of All-Russian metal rolling output, 25,9 % of steel and 14,4 % of steel pipes. Ferrous metallurgy is presented by 28 large and medium-sized enterprises. The most essential role among them is played by: Open Joint-Stock Company "Magnitogorsky Metallurgichesky Kombinat (Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Plant)"; Open Joint-Stock Company "Mechel"; Open Joint-Stock Company "Chelyabinsky Electrometallurgichesky Kombinat (Chelyabinsk Electrometallurgical Plant)"; metallurgical plants in Ural mining area (Open Joint-Stock Company "Zlatoustovsky Metallurgichesky Kombinat (Zlatoust Metallurgical Plant)", Open Joint-Stock Company "Ashinsky Metallurgichesky Zavod (Asha Metallurgical Plant)", Open Joint-Stock Company "Kombinat "Magnezit (Magnezit Plant)"(Satka), Open Joint-Stock Company "Satkinsky Chugunno-plavilny zavod (Satka Cast Iron Smelting Plant)"; plants manufacturing pipes, metalware (Open Joint-Stock Company "Chelyabinsky Truboprokatny Zavod (Chelyabinsk Pipe-rolling Plant)", Open Joint-Stock Company "Magnitogorsky Metizno-metallurgichesky Zavod (Magnitogorsk Metalware-metallurgical Plant)", Close Joint-Stock Company "Minyarsky Metizno-metallurgichesky Zavod (Minyar Metalware-metallurgical Plant)".

    Nonferrous metallurgy

    Nonferrous metallurgy produces copper, zinc and nickel in the region. Nickel and cobalt are made in Verkhniy Ufaley. Copper is produced at Karabash and Kyshtym plants, zinc is made at Chelyabinsk electrolyte zinc plant. The region nonferrous metallurgy provides 100 % of the Russian manufacture of zinc and an overwhelming part of refined copper output. Nonferrous metallurgy is presented by enterprises of the following groups: ore-dressing manufacture (Open Joint-Stock Company "Aleksandrinskaya Gornorudnaya Kompaniya (Aleksandrinsk Mining Company)", Close Joint-Stock Company "Yuzhuralzoloto"); manufacture of nickel and cobalt (Open Joint-Stock Company "Ufaleynickel"); zinc manufacture (Open Joint-Stock Company "Chelyabinsky Tsinkovy Zavod (Chelyabinsk Zinc Plant)"); copper manufacture (Close Joint-Stock Company "Karabashmed", Close Joint-Stock Company "Kyshtymsky Medeelectrolitny Zavod (Kyshtym Copper-electrolyte Plant)"); electrode manufacture ("Chelyabinsky Electrodny Zavod (Chelyabinsk Electrode Plant)"). The leading role is played by copper, zinc, nickel, electrode manufacture.

    Mechanical engineering and metal working

    Mechanical engineering and metal working are among the leading branches of Chelyabinsk region economy. Their specific weight in overall production of industrial product makes 14 %. Machine-building complex is presented by automobile industry (25,3 %), tractor and agricultural industry (14,1 %), machine-tool construction, instrument making, metallurgical, road-building and municipal, electro-technical, and mining mechanical engineering, and also by manufacture of metal structures and products. The leading role is played by heavy mechanical engineering, manufacture of mining-metallurgical equipment, cars, including tram, tractor, lorries, road-building machines, etc.

    The branch is presented by 105 enterprises of mechanical engineering, 17 enterprises producing metal structures and products, and 37 mechanical-repair enterprises.

    Fuel and energy complex

    South Ural powerful industry can function properly only provided good fuel and electric power security. Fuel industry in the region is presented by coal branch on the basis of Chelyabinsk coal basin of brown coals. The main consumers of coal are thermal power stations and industrial boiler areas (to 80 %), and also public-utility sector and population. Fuel and energy complex includes electric power industry, coal mining, fuel industry, major pipeline transport. Having big power consumption of the basic manufactures in the region, there are still wide prospects for introduction of energy-saving technologies. Major fuel resources consumed in the region are coal (about 50 %) and natural gas (about 40 %). Demand for natural gas and oil products is completely satisfied by their delivery from other regions.

    Building complex

    Building complex includes both construction itself and manufacture of building materials, building details and structures. About 2,6 % in gross industrial output of the region falls at this branch, hereat building complex enterprises provide requirements not only of the region, but also of other regions of the country.

    Light and food-processing industry

    Light and food-processing industries are presented, mainly, by milling, leather-shoe, sewing and textile enterprises. Under new conditions of a market economy many small shops for processing of meat, milk, manufacture of cheese, minibakeries appeared in the region.

    The region has developed economic relations with partners in Russia, in the CIS countries, and far abroad.

    Black and nonferrous metals, mechanical engineering products provide the basis of export.

    Import, along with consumer goods, includes large share of cars and equipment.

    Chelyabinsk region occupies the 6th place by export volume across Russia and the 5th place among the regions with most favourable investment situation.